(A) General. A dispositional hearing is conducted to determine what measures the court will take with respect to a juvenile and, when applicable, any other person, once the court has determined following trial or plea that the juvenile has committed an offense.
(B) Time. The interval between the plea of admission or trial and disposition, if any, is within the court's discretion. When the juvenile is detained, the interval may not be more than 35 days, except for good cause.
(1) The Michigan Rules of Evidence, other than those with respect to privileges, do not apply at dispositional hearings. All relevant and material evidence, including oral and written reports, may be received by the court and may be relied upon to the extent of its probative value, even though such evidence may not be admissible at trial.
(2) The juvenile, or the juvenile's attorney, and the petitioner shall be afforded an opportunity to examine and controvert written reports so received and, in the court's discretion, may be allowed to cross-examine individuals making reports when those individuals are reasonably available.
(3) No assertion of an evidentiary privilege, other than the privilege between attorney and client, shall prevent the receipt and use, at a dispositional hearing, of materials prepared pursuant to a court-ordered examination, interview, or course of treatment.
(D) Presence of Juvenile and Victim.
(1) The juvenile may be excused from part of the dispositional hearing for good cause shown, but must be present when the disposition is announced.
(2) The victim has the right to be present at the dispositional hearing and to make an impact statement as provided by the Crime Victim's Rights Act, MCL 780.751 et seq.
(1) If the juvenile has been found to have committed an offense, the court may enter an order of disposition as provided by MCL 712A.18.
(2) In making second and subsequent dispositions in delinquency cases, the court must consider imposing increasingly severe sanctions, which may include imposing additional conditions of probation; extending the term of probation; imposing additional costs; ordering a juvenile who has been residing at home into an out-of-home placement; ordering a more restrictive placement; ordering state wardship for a child who has not previously been a state ward; or any other conditions deemed appropriate by the court. Waiver of jurisdiction to adult criminal court, either by authorization of a warrant or by judicial waiver, is not considered a sanction for the purpose of this rule.
(3) Before a juvenile is placed in an institution outside the state of Michigan as a disposition, the court must find that:
(a) institutional care is in the best interests of the juvenile,
(b) equivalent facilities to meet the juvenile's needs are not available within Michigan, and
(c) the placement will not cause undue hardship.
(4) The court shall not enter an order of disposition for a juvenile offense until the court verifies that the juvenile has been fingerprinted. If the juvenile has not been fingerprinted, the court shall proceed as provided by MCR 3.936.
(5) If the court enters an order pursuant to the Crime Victim's Rights Act, MCL 780.751 et seq., the court shall only order the payment of one assessment at any dispositional hearing, regardless of the number of offenses.
(6) The court shall prepare and forward to the Secretary of State an abstract of its findings at such times and for such offenses as are required by law.
(7) Mandatory Detention for Use of a Firearm.
(a) In addition to any other disposition, a juvenile, other than a juvenile sentenced in the same manner as an adult under MCL 712A.18(1)(n), shall be committed under MCL 712A.18(1)(e) to a detention facility for a specified period of time if all the following circumstances exist:
(i) the juvenile is under the jurisdiction of the court under MCL 712A.2(a)(1),
(ii) the juvenile was found to have violated a law of this state or of the United States or a criminal municipal ordinance, and
(iii) the juvenile was found to have used a firearm during the offense.
(b) The length of the commitment to a detention facility shall not exceed the length of the sentence that could have been imposed if the juvenile had been sentenced as an adult.
(c) “Firearm” means any weapon from which a dangerous projectile may be propelled by using explosives, gas, or air as a means of propulsion, except any smoothbore rifle or hand gun designed and manufactured exclusively for propelling BB’s not exceeding.177 caliber by means of spring, gas, or air.