(A) Preliminary Inquiry. When a petition is not accompanied by a request for detention of the juvenile, the court may conduct a preliminary inquiry. Except in cases involving offenses enumerated in the Crime Victim's Rights Act, MCL 780.781(1)(g), the preliminary inquiry need not be conducted on the record. The court may, in the interest of the juvenile and the public:
(1) deny authorization of the petition;
(2) refer the matter to a public or private agency providing available services pursuant to the Juvenile Diversion Act, MCL 722.821 et seq.;
(3) direct that the juvenile and the parent, guardian, or legal custodian be notified to appear for further informal inquiry on the petition;
(4) proceed on the consent calendar as provided in subrule (C); or
(5) place the matter on the formal calendar as provided in subrule (D).
(B) Offenses Listed in the Crime Victim's Rights Act. A case involving the alleged commission of an offense listed in the Crime Victim's Rights Act, MCL 780.781(1)(f), may only be removed from the adjudicative process upon compliance with the procedures set forth in that act. See MCL 780.786b.
(C) Consent Calendar. If the court receives a petition, citation, or appearance ticket, and it appears that protective and supportive action by the court will serve the best interests of the juvenile and the public, the court may proceed on the consent calendar without authorizing a petition to be filed. No case may be placed on the consent calendar unless the juvenile and the parent, guardian, or legal custodian and the prosecutor, agree to have the case placed on the consent calendar. A court may not consider a case on the consent calendar that includes an offense listed as an assaultive crime by the Juvenile Diversion Act, MCL 722.822(a). The court may transfer a case from the formal calendar to the consent calendar at any time before disposition.
(1) Notice. Formal notice is not required for cases placed on the consent calendar except as required by article 2 of the Crime Victim's Rights Act, MCL 780.781 et seq.
(2) Plea; Adjudication. No formal plea may be entered in a consent calendar case unless the case is based on an alleged violation of the Michigan Vehicle Code, MCL 257.1 et seq. in which case the court shall enter a plea. The court must not enter an adjudication.
(3) Conference. The court shall conduct a consent calendar conference with the juvenile and the parent, guardian, or legal custodian to discuss the allegations. The victim may, but need not, be present.
(4) Case Plan. If it appears to the court that the juvenile has engaged in conduct that would subject the juvenile to the jurisdiction of the court, the court may issue a written consent calendar case plan.
(5) Custody. A consent calendar case plan must not contain a provision removing the juvenile from the custody of the parent, guardian, or legal custodian.
(6) Disposition. No order of disposition may be entered by the court in a case placed on the consent calendar.
(7) Closure. Upon successful completion by the juvenile of the consent calendar case plan, the court shall close the case and may destroy all records of the proceeding.
(8) Transfer to Formal Calendar. If it appears to the court at any time that the proceeding on the consent calendar is not in the best interest of either the juvenile or the public, the court may, without hearing, transfer the case from the consent calendar to the formal calendar on the charges contained in the original petition, citation, or appearance ticket. Statements made by the juvenile during the proceeding on the consent calendar may not be used against the juvenile at a trial on the formal calendar on the same charge.
(9) Abstracting. If the court finds that the juvenile has violated the Michigan Vehicle Code, the court must fulfill the reporting requirements imposed by MCL 712A.2b(d).
(D) Formal Calendar. The court may authorize a petition to be filed and docketed on the formal calendar if it appears to the court that formal court action is in the best interest of the juvenile and the public. The court shall not authorize an original petition under MCL 712A.2(a)(1), unless the prosecuting attorney has approved submitting the petition to the court. At any time before disposition, the court may transfer the matter to the consent calendar.